CA Businesses, Residences Required to Separate Organic Waste; City of Irvine Offers Support and Waivers to Eligible Businesses

Monday, January 17, 2022

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As of Jan. 1, 2022, all California residences and businesses are required to separate organic waste from other trash and non-organic recyclables and participate in an organics collection program. 

The City of Irvine is working with its waste haulers to provide programs for residents and businesses to comply with the requirements of this legislation in 2022. These programs will include new solid waste service to collect organic materials, including food waste, from residential properties.

The City will also continue its efforts to assist local businesses in complying with this legislation, as well as continuing efforts to support business compliance with other state recycling legislation including AB-341,  AB-1826, and AB 827.

Certain businesses may qualify for a waiver. More information and the appropriate waiver can be found at

Irvine businesses may direct any questions to Matthew Cuevas, senior management analyst, to schedule a discussion regarding their current compliance status.

For more information about SB 1383, visit

In September 2016, Governor Brown signed into law SB 1383, establishing methane emissions reduction targets in a statewide effort to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) in various sectors of California's economy. SB 1383 establishes targets to achieve a 75% reduction in the level of the statewide disposal of organic waste by 2025.

Methane emissions resulting from the decomposition of organic waste in landfills are a significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contributing to global climate change. Organic materials — including waste that can be readily prevented, recycled, or composted — account for a significant portion of California's overall waste stream. Food waste alone accounts for approximately 17 -18% of total landfill disposal. Increasing food waste prevention, encouraging edible food rescue, and expanding the composting and in-vessel digestion of organic waste throughout the state will help reduce methane emissions from organic waste disposed in California's landfills.

Cities must establish organics recycling programs to all properties, including single-family residential properties, multi-family residences, and businesses. Organic waste includes both food waste and other green waste, such as yard trimmings. In addition, cities must facilitate a food rescue program that creates a 20% increase in the recovery of currently disposed edible food from large food generators, including grocery stores, wholesale distributors, and restaurants. The recovered food will then be routed to those who are experiencing food insecurity. Under SB 1383, the food recovery target must be met by Jan. 1, 2025. 

As written in SB 1383, Tier 1 Commercial Edible Food Generators must establish a food recovery program starting Jan. 1, 2022. Tier 1 Generators are defined as the following: supermarkets, grocery stores with 10,000+ square feet, food service providers, food distributors, and wholesale food vendors.


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Category: City of Irvine, Waste Management, Economic Aid