Irvine is the Fastest Growing City in California; Housing, Diversity are Key Factors
Thursday, August 19, 2021
Irvine saw the largest population growth among cities in California with more than 50,000 people. Increasing 45% between 2010 and 2020, the city was also in the top 10 fastest growing cities in the United States.
The U.S. Census Bureau released the results from the 2020 Census in August, showing the slowest national population growth since the 1930s. But in Southern California, the population is growing faster in less urban cities and counties.
"It is normal for countries like the United States to experience both booms and then periods of slow growth," said Matt Barreto, a professor of political science and Chicano studies at UCLA.
According to Barreto, one of the reasons for the larger increase in the Inland Empire is housing affordability.
"It's not surprising to me, I think, from a demographic standpoint that you're seeing that population growth," he said.
"A little bit more in the suburbs, a little bit more in the exurbs if you get out to the Inland Empire, places where there is more available housing stock. And that trend will probably continue here in California until some major housing policy shifts take place," Barreto continued.
The city of Irvine saw the largest population growth among cities in California with more than 50,000 people. Increasing 45% between 2010 and 2020, the city was also in the top 10 fastest growing cities in the United States.
Lake Elsinore was the next fastest growing city in the state, at 36%. Menifee increased 32%, and Eastvale and Santa Clarita increased by 30% between 2010 and 2020.
The city of Los Angeles grew by just 2.8%.
"People are moving to where there are houses and I think that's an important public policy implication for California, is to continue talking about the housing issue here in our state," he said.
The Census faced challenges in 2020. Not only was there a first-time shift to an online format, but the COVID-19 pandemic created challenges with following up with non-responders. Barreto said there was also a lot of fear among undocumented populations about being counted.
"Did we have a slight undercount because either the technology that was rolled out, the pandemic or these fears and concerns in immigrant communities? Did that cause some households to not respond to the census? And if so, what are the implications?" asked Barreto.
California already lost a congressional seat, and a lot of federal money is tied to the census. The data released today will also be used to draw new congressional district boundaries.
"It's very important that we don't overly politicize this. It should just be an accurate count of all households across the entire country and across our entire state," Barreto said.
He also said the population shifts could lead to more representation for fast-growing populations of color.
"The districts have to be drawn around where the population is, and so, if the Latino, Asian, suburban, exurban population, if that's where the growth in the state is, that's where we should see new representation. So that those communities, which are growing, we want to make sure that they have an equal say and equal representation, whether it's in Sacramento or Washington D.C.," Barreto said.
In all five Southern California counties, the share of the white population dropped, while shares of other race and ethnicities increased. It was most pronounced in less urban counties.
In Riverside, the share of the Latino population increased from 46% in 2010 to 50% in 2020. The share of the white population decreased from 40% in 2010 to 33% in 2020.
In San Bernardino, the share of the Latino population increased from 49% in 2010 to 54% in 2020. The share of the white population decreased from 33% in 2010 to 26% in 2020.
10-Year Population Change in Large California Cities
Orange County also saw a notable increase in its Asian population.
"I think one of the things that's happening in California is similar to what's happening nationally, and that is that the suburbs as a region are getting much more racially and ethnically diverse," Barreto said.
In California, he said it's happening at a faster pace.
"The state is really being driven and energized by the growth in the non-white populations, and that is happening in all reaches of the state, but especially that is happening in suburban communities," Barreto continued.
Policymakers and state representatives will have to respond to a more diverse population, Barreto said.
"They're gonna have to see, are there different issues, are there different concerns that we need to be addressing now, that maybe weren't there 20 years ago?" he said.
Category: Irvine, Housing, Diversity, California, Southern California, U.S., Census Bureau